CHEE223

Fluid Mechanics

Personnel

Instructor

Carlos EscobedoDupuis 209carlos.escobedo@queensu.ca

TAs

Susan (Mandy) SmithDupuis B1612ss166@queensu.ca
Yazan Bdour16yb6@queensu.ca
Kaveh Abdi

Course Description

Principles of momentum and energy transport are applied to the analysis of fluid systems commonly encountered in chemical engineering practice. This approach is via the macroscopic and differential balances of mass, momentum and energy. Topics include fluid statics; incompressible flow in closed conduits; flow and pressure measurement; transportation of fluids; laminar, turbulent and creeping flows; boundary layer effects; sizing of commercial components (piping, tubing, valves, pressure and flow meters and other fittings, as well as pumps) for fluid transport systems in industrial settings. (0/0/0/42/0)

PREREQUISITES: CHEE 221, MTHE 225

Objectives and Outcomes

The objective of the course is to demonstrate the fundamentals of fluid mechanics and their applications in engineering. The course will teach the solution of fluid mechanics problems based on the use of differential and integral mass, momentum and energy balances.

Specific course learning outcomes include:

  1. Calculate the pressure distribution in static fluids and the forces on submerged surfaces.
  2. Formulate mass, momentum and energy balances using the control volume and differential analysis of fluid flow.
  3. Identify boundary conditions and solve differential equations describing one-dimensional fluid flow.
  4. Determine frictional losses, size pipes and calculate pump power requirements in laminar and turbulent flow for viscous flow in closed conduits.
  5. Calculate the drag forces on submerged objects in laminar and turbulent flow.
  6. Use dimensional analysis to derive relationships among process or system variables.
  7. Apply knowledge developed in steps 1, 2 and 4 above to measure pressure and flow rates, to estimate forces acting on pipes and joints, and to size pumps and pipes. Develop an understanding of the cost implications on developing a pumping process.

This course assesses the following attributes:

Knowledge base for engineering (CLO 1, 2, 4, 5, 7):

  • CHEE-KB-FM-1. Applies principles of fluid statics to find pressure distributions, measure pressure and calculate forces on submerged surfaces.
  • CHEE-KB-FM-2. Formulates integral mass, momentum and energy balances and applies knowledge to do engineering calculations.
  • CHEE-KB-FM-3. Formulates differential momentum balances and solves them to determine velocity and stress distributions.
  • CHEE-KB-FM-4. Analyzes transport of fluids (viscous fluid flow) in closed conduits and in external flows.
  • CHEE-KB-MATH-2. Formulates and solves ordinary and partial differential equations and integral equations arising in Chemical Engineering using analytical and numerical techniques.
  • CHEE-KB-PROC-4. Applies engineering science knowledge to size various unit operations, including but not limited to pumps, heat exchangers, separation processes, and reactors.

Problem analysis (CLO 1-7):

  • CHEE-PA-3. Selects and applies appropriate quantitative models, analyses, and boundary conditions to solve problems.
  • CHEE-PA-4. Applies dimensional analysis to derive relationships among process or system variables.

Economics and Project Management (CLO 7):

  • CHEE-ECO-1. Applies economic considerations, such as capital and operating costs, to design processes.

Relevance to the Program

The course is the first of the suite of courses known as “transport phenomena courses”, which deal with the transport properties of matter. Concepts taught in this course are required for 3rd year courses (CHEE 330 – Heat and Mass Transfer, CHEE 331/332/333 – Design and scale-up of unit operations, CHEE 340-Biomedical engineering, CHEE 370 – Wastewater treatment processes) and 4th year courses (CHEE 412-Transport Phenomena in Chemical Engineering, CHEE 452 – Transport Phenomena in Physiological Systems, CHEE 470-Design of Manufacturing processes, CHEE 490-Polymer formulations and polymer technology). The course assumes working knowledge of 1st year mechanics and calculus.

Course Structure and Activities

3 lecture hours + 1 tutorial hour per week. Please check SOLUS for times and locations.

Resources

Required: deNevers, N., "Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers", 3rd Edition. Custom Courseware, by McGraw Hill, available from campus bookstore. *Please note that the full 2nd or 3rd Edition of this textbook is also acceptable.

Useful references:

Munson, B.R., Young, D.F. and Okiishi, T.H., "Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics", 3rd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 1998 (or a more recent edition).

Giles, R.V., Evett, J.B. and Liu, C., "Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics", 3rd Edition, Schaum’s Outline Series of Theory and Problems, McGraw-Hill, 1995.

White, F. M., “Fluid Mechanics”, 7th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2011.