Fluid Mechanics






Course Description

Principles of momentum and energy transport are applied to the analysis of fluid systems commonly encountered in chemical engineering practice. This approach is via the macroscopic and differential balances of mass, momentum and energy. Topics include fluid statics; incompressible flow in closed conduits; flow and pressure measurement; transportation of fluids; laminar, turbulent and creeping flows; boundary layer effects; sizing of commercial components (piping, tubing, valves, pressure and flow meters and other fittings, as well as pumps) for fluid transport systems in industrial settings. (0/0/0/42/0)

Prerequisites: CHEE 221, MTHE 225

Objectives and Outcomes

The objective of the course is to demonstrate the fundamentals of fluid mechanics and their applications in engineering. The course will teach the solution of fluid mechanics problems based on the use of differential and integral mass, momentum and energy balances.

Specific course learning outcomes include:

CLO1 Calculate the pressure distribution in static fluids and the forces on submerged surfaces. KB-NatSci
CLO2 Formulate mass, momentum and energy balances using the control volume and differential analysis of fluid flow. KB-TrPh(a)
CLO3 Identify boundary conditions and solve differential equations describing one-dimensional fluid flow. KB-TrPh(b)
CLO4 Determine frictional losses, size pipes and calculate pump power requirements in laminar and turbulent flow for viscous flow in closed conduits. KB-TrPh(c)
CLO5 Calculate the drag forces on submerged objects in laminar and turbulent flow. KB-TrPh(c)
CLO6 Use dimensional analysis to derive relationships among process or system variables. PA-Formulate
CLO7 Demonstrate an understanding of the technical aspects of pressure, flow and viscosity measurement and sizing of pumps and pipes. CHEE-KB-FM-4

This course assesses the following program indicators at a 2nd year level:

Knowledge base for engineering

  • KB-NatSci Interpret natural phenomena and relationships through the use of analytical and/or experimental techniques
  • KB-Math(a) Selects and applies appropriate mathematical tools to solve problems that arise from modeling a real-world problem
  • KB-Proc(c) Applies engineering principles to do engineering calculations and size various unit operations, including pumps, heat exchangers, separation processes, and reactors
  • KB-TrPh(a) Formulates and applies integral mass, momentum and energy balances to do engineering calculations
  • KB-TrPh(b) Formulates and applies differential mass, momentum and energy balances to do engineering calculations
  • KB-TrPh(c) Analyzes convective transport of fluids in closed conduits and external flows

Problem Analysis

  • PA-Formulate Develop appropriate frameworks for solving complex engineering problems
  • PA-Solve Implement solutions for complex engineering problems

Economics and Project Management

  • EC-Economics Apply economic considerations, such as capital, operating, societal and life cycle costs, to design processes

Relevance to the Program

The course is the first of the suite of courses known as “transport phenomena courses”, which deal with the transport properties of matter. Concepts taught in this course are required for 3rd year courses (CHEE 330 – Heat and Mass Transfer, CHEE 331/332/333 – Design and scale-up of unit operations, CHEE 340-Biomedical engineering, CHEE 370 – Wastewater treatment processes) and 4th year courses (CHEE 412-Transport Phenomena in Chemical Engineering, CHEE 452 – Transport Phenomena in Physiological Systems, CHEE 470-Design of Manufacturing processes, CHEE 490-Polymer formulations and polymer technology). The course assumes working knowledge of 1st year mechanics and calculus. 

Course Structure and Activities

The course will be delivered through synchronous and asynchronous activities.

Asynchronous: The lectures will be delivered as videos which will include an explanation of concepts, and solutions to problems on specific topics. The videos and resources covered will be equivalent to 3 lecture hours per week.

Synchronous: There will be 1 hour of tutorials per week (through MS Teams or Zoom). Tutorials will include interactive learning activities, including solving problem sets in small working groups, and interacting with TAs and the instructor. Lecture time hours will be allocated as tutorial or Q&A time.

Refer to Solus or OnQ for times and locations.


Recommended Textbook

  • deNevers, N., "Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers", 3rd Edition, 2004. *Please note that the full 2nd Edition of this textbook is also acceptable, although contents and numbering may be different for chapters, sections, and suggested problems.

Additional Textbooks (Optional)

  • Munson, B.R., Young, D.F. and Okiishi, T.H., "Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics", 3rd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, 1998 (or a more recent edition).
  • Giles, R.V., Evett, J.B. and Liu, C., "Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics", 4th Edition, Schaum’s Outline Series of Theory and Problems, McGraw-Hill, 2014.
  • White, F. M., “Fluid Mechanics”, 8th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2016.

Other Material

  • All other course material is accessible through the course LMS

Learning Support

  • Instructor and TAs are available by appointment (through e-mail).
  • Additional review and help session may be scheduled during the term.